The Resilience of Authenticity: The Steinway " D” Grand Piano
Roger L Meters Dunbar
Demanding School of Business
New York University
forty five West next St . Ny NY 10012
The fall of 14th 2013
The Resilience of Authenticity: The Steinway " D” Grand Piano
Authenticity is known as a socially created phenomenon within a socially desirable category. Whilst authenticity is always socially built, i. e., involves assessments by viewers such as peers, critics or users, genuineness claims are generally more reputable as they are embedded in main features of companies. Our case focuses on the authenticity attributed to pianos made by Steinway & Sons. We start by outlining how the piano became proven as a socially desirable category of musical functionality instrument. In that case building upon Thompson's (1967) organization design and style ideas (input, technical main, and outcome activities), we all trace out how for Steinway & Sons, these kinds of organizational elements evolved over time to impact perceptions of Steinway piano authenticity. Each of our case study shows how when ever Steinway & Sons was challenged by competition and threatened simply by other exterior events, the authenticity associated with its pianos acted as being a buffer that gave the firm the perfect time to adjust and so exhibit resilience. The effects for exploration on authenticity are mentioned.
Key Words: Credibility; Craft; Technological Core; Historic Case; Steinway & Sons.
Authenticity can be described as socially made phenomenon. A product or service or service is considered real to the extent that followers (e. g., users, critics, peers, and so forth ) identify it because genuine or perhaps real (Trilling, 1972; Peterson, 1997, 2005; Fine, 2005; Rao, Monin and Durand, 2005; Carroll and Wheaton, 2009). Because authenticity can be socially made, one simply cannot establish credibility objectively " because there is no objective response to the question and because interpretations change across viewers and change around time” (Kovács, Carroll and Lehman, 2013: 3). Yet some improvements are considered as more reputable. Authenticity promises that are organizationally constructed, for instance , are often perceived as more authentic or genuine, especially if they may be deeply embedded in an company core features. Such promises " gain more attention, gather stronger appeal, communicate better credibility and continue longer than patients which are not effectively organizationally embedded” (Carroll and Wheaton, 2009: 257). Organizations make claims about the exceptional and unique characteristics of their offerings and contrive strategies to build authenticity. Followers assessing genuineness expect companies to produce regularly high quality employing established techniques, tools and processes (Peterson, 1997, june 2006; Glynn and Lounsbury, june 2006; Rao et al., 2005; Kovács ainsi que al., 2013). While past research focuses on how audiences evaluate credibility claims, the precise decisions and activities agencies use to build, maintain and support their very own authenticity claims have received fewer attention. Embedding authenticity within an organizational circumstance reveals how authenticity is not merely socially created but also grounded in core company features companies control and audiences recognize.
Relying on an exclusive dataset that combines primary and second sources, such as the Steinway & Sons archives housed in LaGuardia Community College in New York, all of us adopt an historical example research design and take a look at the process whereby authenticity was gradually caused by the pianos made by Steinway & Sons. The study protects a period by around 1700 to
the 1971s, and reveals how credibility was not prominent until after a consensus around the piano being a socially desirable category of musical performance tool had surfaced, and until after the technology for making pianos was accepted and stable. We start with explaining how the piano appeared as a socially desirable category...
References: Argote, L. 99. Organizational Learning. Creating, Holding onto, and Shifting Knowledge. Kluwer
Academic Publishers, Boston, MA.
Argote, L., S. Beckman, and M. Epple. 1990. The determination and copy of learning in industrial
Argote, L., and D. Epple. 1990. Learning curves in manufacturing. Science, 247: 920-924.
Argote, L., N. McEvily, Ur. Reagans. 2003. Managing expertise in companies: An integrative
framework and review of emerging themes
Beverland, M. N. 2005. Creating brand authenticity: The case of luxury wine. Journal of
Management Research, 42: 1003-1029.
Carroll, G. R., and A. Swaminathan. 2000. Why the microbrewery movement? Company
dynamics of resource dividing in the U. S
Carroll, G. Ur., and Deb. R. Wheaton. 2009. The organizational building of authenticity: An
examination of contemporary foodstuff and dining in the U. S
Cattani, G., Ur. Dunbar, and Z. Shapira. 2013. Worth creation and knowledge loss: The case of
Cremonese stringed instruments
Cole, M. 1998. The Piano in the Classical Era. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Collins, H. M. mid 1970s. The TEA set: Tacit knowledge and scientific sites. Science Research, 4(2):
Crombie, D. 1995. Piano: A Photographic Great the Planet's Most Recognized Instrument. San
Francisco, LOS ANGELES: Miller Freeman Books.
DiMaggio, P. 1987. Classification in art. American Sociological Assessment, 52: 440–455.
Douglas, Meters. 1986. How institutions believe. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Dolge, A. 1911. Pianos and Their Creators. Covina. CA: Covina Submitting Company.
Dutton, J. M., and A. Thomas. 1984. Treating improvement functions like a managerial option.
Engenström, Y., K, Dark brown, R. Engenström, and E. Koistinen. 1990. Organizational negelecting: An
activity theoretical perspective
Fostle, Deb. W. 95. The Steinway Saga: An American Dynasty. New York: Scribner.
Garud, R., and P. 3rd there�s r. Nayyar. year 1994 Transformative capacity: Continual building by intertemporal
Garud, 3rd there�s r., and S. Karnøe. 2003. Bricolage vs breakthrough: Sent out and embedded agency
in technological entrepreneurship
Gilpin, E. 1995. Steinway & Kids Is Sold pertaining to $100 , 000, 000. The New York Times, The spring 19.
Glynn, M., and M. Lounsbury. 2005. In the critics' nook: Logic blending, discursive change and
genuineness in a cultural production program
Good, At the. M. 2001. Giraffes, Dark Dragons and Other Pianos: A Technological History from
Cristofori to the Modern day Concert Grand
Hannan, Big t. M., L. Pólos, and G. Ur. Carroll. 2007. Logics of Organization Theory: Audiences, Unique codes,
Hargadon, A. B., and Y. Douglas. 2001. When ever Innovations Fulfill Institutions: Edison and the
Type of the Electric Light
Hofmann, L. 1914/1976. Keyboard Playing: With Piano Concerns Answered. Ny, NY:
Doublelday, Page & Company
Hoover, C. A., 1981. The Steinways and the pianos inside the 19th century, Journal of the American
Game Society, six: 47-89.
Kieser, A. year 1994. Why Corporation Theory Demands Historical Analyses – And How This Should always be
Kotha, S., and R. L. M. Dunbar. 1997. Steinway & Daughters (A). The Leonard D. Stern University of
Organization case series.
Johnson, V. 2007. What is Organizational Imprinting? Cultural Entrepreneurship in the Beginning of
Paris, france Opera
Langley, A. 99. Strategies for theorizing from method data. Schools of Managing Review, 24:
Lenehan, M. 1982. The Making of a Steinway Grand. Ocean Monthly, (August): 32-54.
Lieberman, R. T. 1995. Steinway & Daughters. New Dreamland, CT: Yale University Press.
Negro, G., M. Capital t. Hannan, and H. Rao. 2010. Categorical contrast and audience appeal: Niche breadth
and critical success in winemaking
Nelson, R., and S. G. Winter. 1982. An Major Theory of Economic Transform. Cambridge, MA:
Outka, E. 2008. Consuming Traditions: Modernity, Modernism, as well as the Commodified Genuine.
Polanyi, Meters. 1962. Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-critical Philosophy. Chicago, il University
Press, Chicago, IL.
Peterson, L. A. 97. Creating Country Music: Making Authenticity. Chicago, IL: University of
Chi town Press.
Peterson, R. A. 2005. Searching for authenticity. Log of Managing Studies, 42(5): 1083-1098.
Ratcliffe, V. Ur., and T. Isacoff. 2002. Steinway. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books LLC.
Rao, H., Monin, S., and Durand, R. june 2006. Border crossing: Bricolage and the erosion of categorical
limitations in France gastronomy
Roell, C. L. 1989. The Piano in the us, 1890-1940. University of New york Press.
Rubinstein, A. 90. Autobiography of Anton Rubinstein. Boston: MA: Little, Dark brown, and
Business (translated by Russian simply by Aline Delano).
Schnabel, A. 1988. Warring and Music. Mineola, NYC: reprinted simply by Dover Guides.
Seshadri, S i9000., and Z .. Shapira. 2001. Managerial share of time and effort: The effects of
Siggelkow, In. 2007. Persuasion with case studies. Schools of Management Journal, 50(1): 20-24.
Stahura, B. 2003 Steinway & Sons in wartime. In: Steinway & Sons 250th Anniversary
Commemorative Publication, pp
Thompson, G. J. 1978. Organizations in Action: Social Science Bases of Administrative Theory.
Trilling, L. 1972. Truthfulness and authenticity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Von Hippel, E. 1986. Lead Users: A Method to obtain Novel Item Concepts. Management Science,